The Republic of Moldova is a small country favorably located in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. Lying near the Black Sea, where winemaking is thought to have begun, Moldova shares the same latitudes as some of the best winegrowing regions of France.
Although its climate is more like that of Burgundy, its latitudes are similar to those of Bordeaux, between 46° and 48°. The countryside is characterized by rolling green hills and valleys with elevations of 100 to 300 meters above sea level. The highest point is 490 meters. Grapes have been grown and made into wine in this region for thousands of years, and thus wine holds a special place in local culture. Moldovans like to point out that theirs is the only country with a shape that resembles a bunch of grapes.
In global terms, Moldova was ranked 7th in the list of world wine exporters in 2005, exporting 2.3 million hectoliters of bottled wines, the majority of which went to CIS countries. Recently the sector has gone through a series of significant positive changes, which were stimulated partially by new developments in the world wine market. Over the past decade, producers have focused on quality improvements and changes in the styles of Moldovan wines to attract a wider range of consumers internationally.
Being such a small country with a continental climate and highly fertile soil, Moldova is one of the few European wine producers able to make wide range of wine styles.
There are several types of wineries in Moldova that specialize in producing still wines, sparkling wines, and spirits. Approximately 40 wineries produce and export bottled wines.